Courses

FALL 2022 Course Offerings

All That Glitters: The Science of Diamond and Gemstones (SEL)
Subject associations
FRS 158

This course will provide an overview of the scientific study of gemstones. Topics covered will include crystallography, crystal structures, and optical properties of gems. Diamonds and gems will be used to illustrate geological concepts such as plate tectonics and our planet's deep interior. The course will also examine recent analytical advances for constraining the provenance of historical gems as well as new applications of gemstones in modern technology. The course will make use of Princeton's large gem collection for hands-on demonstrations and activities and will include a field trip to the American Museum of Natural History.

Instructors
Thomas S. Duffy

Current Semester Course Offerings

All That Glitters: The Science of Diamond and Gemstones (SEN)
Subject associations
FRS 158

This course will provide an overview of the scientific study of gemstones. Topics covered will include crystallography, crystal structures, and optical properties of gems. Diamonds and gems will be used to illustrate geological concepts such as plate tectonics and our planet's deep interior. The course will also examine recent analytical advances for constraining the provenance of historical gems as well as new applications of gemstones in modern technology. The course will make use of Princeton's large gem collection for hands-on demonstrations and activities and will include a field trip to the American Museum of Natural History.

Instructors
Thomas S. Duffy
Fundamentals of the Geosciences
Subject associations
GEO 505

A yearlong survey, in sequence, of fundamental papers in the geosciences. Topics in 505 (Spring) include the origin and interior of the Earth, plate tectonics, geodynamics, the history of life on Earth, the composition of the Earth, its oceans and atmospheres, past climate. Topics in 506 (Fall) include present and future climate, biogeochemical processes in the ocean, geochemical cycles, orogenies, thermochronology, rock fracture and seismicity. A core course for all beginning graduate students in the geosciences.

Instructors
Thomas S. Duffy
John A. Higgins
Satish C. Myneni
Allan M. Rubin
Daniel M. Sigman
Frederik J. Simons
Jeroen Tromp
Responsible Conduct of Research in Geosciences (Half-Term)
Subject associations
GEO 503 / AOS 503

Course educates Geosciences and AOS students in the responsible conduct of research using case studies appropriate to these disciplines. This discussion-based course focuses on issues related to the use of scientific data, publication practices and responsible authorship, peer review, research misconduct, conflicts of interest, the role of mentors & mentees, issues encountered in collaborative research and the role of scientists in society. Successful completion is based on attendance, reading, and active participation in class discussions. Course satisfies University requirement for RCR training.

Instructors
Curtis A. Deutsch
Leo Donner
Thomas S. Duffy
John A. Higgins
Larry W. Horowitz
Sonya A. Legg
Allan M. Rubin
Daniel M. Sigman
Frederik J. Simons
Jeroen Tromp
Rong Zhang

Prior Semesters Course Offerings

Undergraduate Courses

Mineralogy (SEL)
Subject associations
GEO 378 / MSE 348

Minerals are the fundamental building blocks of the Earth. Their physical, chemical, and structural properties determine the nature of the Earth and they are the primary recorders of the past history of the Earth and other planets. This course will provide a survey of the properties of the major rock-forming minerals. Topics include crystallography, crystal chemistry, mineral thermodynamics and mineral occurrence. Emphasis will be on the role of minerals in understanding geological processes. Laboratories will focus on developing an understanding of crystallography, structure-property relationships, and modern analytical techniques.

Instructors
Thomas S. Duffy
Physics and Chemistry of Earth's Interior
Subject associations
GEO 419 / PHY 419

This class will introduce students to the modern study of the structure, composition, and evolution of the Earth's interior. We will integrate findings from geophysical observations, laboratory experiments, and computational models to develop a holistic picture of the large-scale behavior of our planet. The course will be divided into four major sections: 1) origin and composition of the Earth; 2) physical and chemical properties of Earth materials; 3) global Earth structure; 4) Earth dynamics. The course will introduce current topics and the latest findings from the scientific literature.

Instructors
Thomas S. Duffy

Graduate Courses

Fundamentals of the Geosciences II
Subject associations
GEO 506

A survey of fundamental papers in the Geosciences. Topics include present and future climate, biogeochemical processes in the ocean, geochemical cycles, orogenies, thermochronology, rock fracture and seismicity. This is the core geosciences graduate course.

Instructors
Thomas S. Duffy
Laure Resplandy
Blair Schoene
Jeroen Tromp
Gabriel A. Vecchi
Bess Ward
Physics and Chemistry of Minerals
Subject associations
GEO 501 / MSE 541

Concepts of solid state physics and inorganic chemistry relevant to the study of minerals with emphasis on the application to study of planetary interiors. Topics include: crystal chemistry, phase transitions, equations of state, dynamic and static compression, elasticity, lattice dynamics, and transport properties.

Instructors
Thomas S. Duffy
Topics in Mineralogy and Mineral Physics: Multidisciplinary Studies of the Deep Earth
Subject associations
GEO 507 / MSE 547

The course will survey the structure and properties of the deep earth including the lower mantle and core. Seismology, mineral physics, and geodynamics will be used to explore different facets of the deep earth and the interiors of other planets with an emphasis on fundamental and cutting-edge literature.

Instructors
Thomas S. Duffy
Jessica C. Irving